TYPES OF JEWELLERY MAKING
Stringing: beads of all sorts of types and colours are strung onto a beading thread using pleasing designs and colours.
Beadweaving: this is sometimes known as seedbeading. This includes a wide variety of weaves, including herringbone weave, brick stitch, peyote, netting, pondo stitch, right angle weave and square stitch. With the exception of two-needle right angle weave, these all require a needle and thread, and you weave in a similar way to sewing. Two needle right angle weave is usually not done with needles at all, a stiff thread is used, and the beads can be strung onto it without the use of a needle. There are also a huge range of spirals that can be made in all of the above weaves, as well as a few particular to spirals only. These include: Spiral rope, double spiral rope, triple spiral rope, flat spiral, Russian spiral, Dutch spiral, herringbone spiral, embellished right angle weave, Cellini spiral, Aussie spiral, netted spiral and African Helix.
Loom Beading: seed beads are woven into fabric using a loom. Some very intricate designs can be made.
Wire work and wire wrapping: This is where wire is used to created pleasing shapes and designs using wire.
Victorian Beading, and French Beading: these methods ore often used to make beaded flowers. Wire is used, as well as seed beads. Victorian beading, also know as Continental Beading, is worked horizontally with both ends of the wire going through the row of beads. French beading is worked vertically with rows of beads worked around a central row of beads.
Chainmail: also known as chain maille. This is created by joining jump rings into intricate patterns.
WHAT IS A BEAD?
Basically a bead is a small decorative object that has at least one hole in it for threading. Beads have been used for jewellery for hundreds of thousands of years.
Beads can be made from all sorts of things, including: natural materials- such as bone, coral, seashells and nuts. They can also be made of synthetic materials such as: ceramics, glass, crystal and plastic.
Seed Beads: seed beads are the very tiny beads used in jewellery making and beadweaving. These are usually measured in either mm or aught sizes, eg. 11/0, which means number of beads per inch.
There are three main types of seed beads available:
Japanese: these have a cylindrical shape and are very uniform in size. They have a lrge hole.
Czech: these have more of a rounded shape with smooth edges. They’re sometimes described as being donut shaped.
Chinese: these are the cheapest type of seed beads, but can be very uneven in shape and size. They are usually more Czech-shaped.
Bugle beads: these are long cylindrical beads, made in a range of lengths.
Shaped beads: these are made in any sorts of shapes.
Faceted beads: these have been cut and polished to give lots of reflection and shine.
TOOLS AND MATERIALS REQUIRED
The tools needed for jewellery making vary with what is being made and the technique used.
Some basic tools and materials are:
Thread: some available types are: tigertail, aculon, monofilament thread and Nymo.
Crimp beads: these are small soft metal beads with a large hole that are used to squash the thread together to hold the finding in place.
Findings: these are all the components used to make things into jewellery, includes clasps, earring hooks and keyrings.
Pliers: these are need for many things, including closing crimp beads. Two are usually needed to close jump rings.
Specific tools and materials:
Stringing: generally you don’t need much at all. Just your beads and thread, You’ll also need a couple of crimp beads and a couple of jump rings. You’ll need pliers to close the crimp beads and jump rings. You’ll also need clasps or other findings, depending on what you’re making,
Beadweaving: For this you’ll need fine thread, beading needle, seed beads. You’ll also need the crimp beads and other findings the same as with stringing, depending on what you’re making.
Loom Beading: loom, thread and seed beads, and findings as required.
Wire work and wire wrapping: The wire can be craft wire, artistic wire, copper wire, or sterling silver wire. They are available in different gauges that measure the thicknesses. You will need pointy nosed pliers, and round nosed pliers to create spirals and loops. Wire cutters are required to cut the wire.
Victorian Beading, and French Beading: Seed beads and wire are required for these. Pointy nosed pliers will be needed. If it’s going to be a flower, you’ll need a stiffer wire for the stem and some floral tape to wrap it.
Chainmail: This just requires lots of jumpring available in different sizes and gauges, as well as 2 pairs of pliers to close the rings. You’ll also need the findings as required.
A VERY SIMPLE BEADWEAVING PROJECT FOR A BEGINNER.
NETTED STAR TUTORIAL
Materials: 4mm crystals, or other beads
Size 10/0 seed beads
Stopper bead, any color, will be removed later.
Fine fishing line, approximately 80cm
Beading needle, or other fine needle
- Thread the fishing line onto the needle
- Tie on a stopper bead. A stopper bead is a bead the same size or smaller than the smallest bead you are using. String through it twice to hold it in place.
- Add 6 seed beads, 1 crystal and 1 seed bead.
- Go back through the crystal, and pull tight.
- String on another 6 seed beads, a crystal, and this time 4 seed beads.
- Go back through the first seed bead you strung on, through the same way you came from originally. Then back through the crystal.
- Continue in this manner, adding 6 seed beads between each section, crystals next to each end, and ends alternating between a single seed bead, and a 4 seed bead circle.
- This should form a zigzag pattern with the 4 bead circles on one end, and the single beads on the other, as in the diagram.
- Stop when you have 6 of each types of ends. 12 points all together.
- The thread should now be coming out of the crystal, in readiness for the 6 seed bead centre. Now instead of starting a new 6 bead section, just string back through the first section, all the way through the first 6 seed beads, the crystal, and the end seed bead.
- You should now have a rough circle. String through the next single seed bead, at the next point, then the next. Continue through them all. Then go through them all again.
- Tie off, and thread through a few beads. Remove stopper bead, tie, and thread through a few beads.